The RC circuit will be important for later posts so I have decided to create a small one about it. It is also a good chance to try out SchemDraw, a circuit diagram drawer for python.

The voltage of an RC circuit is described with the next equation:

Where $\tau$ is the capacitance constant of the capacitor, given by RC.

# Importing necesary libraries
%matplotlib inline
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

For this simulation we will use a 10K resistance, a 10mF capacitor, and a 10V source. The circuit will then look like this:

import SchemDraw as schem
import SchemDraw.elements as e
d = schem.Drawing()
V1 = d.add( e.SOURCE_V, label='10V' )
d.add( e.RES, d='right', label='10K$\Omega$' )
d.add( e.CAP, d='down', botlabel='10mF' )
d.add( e.LINE, to=V1.start )
d.add( e.GND )

RC Circuit

We input the constants for our model:

R = 10e3
C = 10e-3
tau = R*C
maxTime = 500
v0 = 10

And finally run our model through time to plot it’s voltage over time.

t = np.arange(0,maxTime,0.01)
V = v0*(1-np.e**(-t/tau))
plt.title('Voltage of an RC Circuit')

Voltage of RC circuit